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Bluebirds belong to the thrush family, (Turdidae), which includes the wood thrush, robin and more than six hundred species world wide. Bluebirds, however, are found only in North America. Bluebirds are native in parts of Canada, Mexico and in every state in the U.S. but Hawaii.

The eastern bluebird is the most widespread of the three species. It is found in all states and provinces east of the Rocky Mountains (except Newfoundland).

The male has a bright blue head, back, wings and tail. The breast is rusty-red and the belly is white. The female is similarly marked but the colors are not as bright or intense.

Size: 6 1/2 - 7 inches

Nest Type: Cavity

Clutch Size: 3-6

Incubation: 12-14 days

Fledge: 15-20 days

Number of Broods: 2, occasionally 3

Diet: Mostly insects in spring, summer and winter. Berries in the winter.

SUMMER DISTRIBUTION MAP
(From the
USGS Breeding Bird Census Information)

The western bluebird is similar to the eastern species except for it's blue throat and patches of rusty-red on it's back. The female is similar but much paler. It is found from southern Canada into Mexico and east into parts of Texas.

Size: 6 1/2 - 7 inches

Nest Type: Cavity

Clutch Size: 4-8

Incubation: 13-17 days

Fledge: 18-22 days

Number of Broods: 2, occasionally 3

Diet: Mostly insects in spring, summer and winter. Berries in the winter.

SUMMER DISTRIBUTION MAP
(From the
USGS Breeding Bird Census Information)

 

The mountain bluebird has an all blur head, back, tail and wings. It has blue on the chest (no red like the other two species) and a white belly. The females is duller, with a grayish head, back and chest.

During the breeding season found most often at higher elevations, moving to open lowlands and drier areas during the winter.

Size: 6 1/2 - 7 inches

Nest Type: Cavity

Clutch Size: 4-7

Incubation: 13-14 days

Fledge: 22-23 days

Number of Broods: 2

Diet: Mostly insects in spring, summer and winter. Berries in the winter.

SUMMER DISTRIBUTION MAP
(From the
USGS Breeding Bird Census Information)


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